The risk factors of miscarriage and obstetrical outcomes of intrauterine normal pregnancy following heterotopic pregnancy management

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Abstract

To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors for miscarriage of intrauterine normal pregnancy of patients with a heterotopic pregnancy (HP) after treatment.

This was a retrospective study of medical records from CHA Bundang Medical Center. Sixty-four patients who were diagnosed with a HP between February 2006 and July 2017 were included in this study. All analyses were performed using SAS software, version 9.4 (SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC). P values < .05 were considered statistically significant.

Forty-eight patients had tubal ectopic pregnancies (EP), 10 patients had cornual EPs, 1 patient had a cesarean section scar EP, 4 patients had an ovarian EP, and 1 patient had bilateral tubal EP. Among the 64 patients, 14.1% (9/64) miscarried before 10 weeks of gestation after management. Mean gestational age (GA) at treatment was 5.97 ± 0.50 weeks and 6.80 ± 1.04 weeks for miscarriage and nonmiscarriage group, respectively (P = .008). Significant differences were observed between 2 groups in terms of ultrasonographic features at the time HP was diagnosed (P = .040) Logistic regression models indicated that gestational age at treatment showed significant differences between 2 groups (OR: 0.003, 95% CI: 0.001–0.604).

Immediate management after diagnosis could expect favorable prognosis of HP. GA at treatment was the only independent risk factor for miscarriage in patients with HP regardless of treatment methods.

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