The effectiveness of non-invasive brain stimulation on arousal and alertness in patients in coma or persistent vegetative state after traumatic brain injury: Protocol of systematic review and network meta-analysis

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Abstract

Background:

Traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. The survivors usually suffer from disorders of consciousness, especially coma state and persistent vegetative state. For these patients, there is no standard treatment for them, but non-invasive brain stimulations are considered as relatively more acceptable treatments. However, the knowledge regarding the relative effectiveness and the rank of the effectiveness of the non-invasive brain stimulations is limited. Thus, in this study, we aim to conduct a systematic review and network meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of non-invasive train stimulations on arousal and alertness in patients in a coma or persistent vegetative state after traumatic brain injury.

Methods and analysis:

A comprehensive search strategy will be performed in the relevant databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang Data). The random or quasi-random controlled trails focusing on the effectiveness of the non-invasive brain stimulations will be included. The risk of bias for the included studies will be appraised using the Cochrane collaboration tool for assessing risk of bias. The standard pairwise meta-analysis and a Bayesian network meta-analysis will be conducted.

Ethics and dissemination:

This research is a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Thus, there is no requirement of ethical approval and patient informed consent.

PROSPERO registration number:

CRD42018104945.

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