Neonate female to male ratio after assisted reproduction following antagonist and agonist protocols

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Abstract

We retrospectively compared neonatal sex after antagonist- versus long-stimulation protocols followed by fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) or fresh intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with either protocol. We reviewed data for 762 IVF/ICSI cycles in 2015, including 23 IVF procedures. We summarized sex outcomes in the entire cohort, and for the additional subgroups: embryo transfer day and number of embryos transferred, and number of oocytes recovered and maternal age. Among 169 live births for all protocols combined, 50.9% of babies were male, and we saw no difference between the antagonist versus long-stimulation groups (52.3% vs 48.3% male babies, respectively; P = .740). Our results also showed no significant difference in sex proportion when comparing IVF versus ICSI, although a higher proportion of babies were male with the antagonist-ICSI protocol. Differences between the additional subgroups were also neither clinically nor statistically significant.

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