Ventricular repolarization wave variations during the amiodarone treatment course

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The aim of this study was to assess ventricular repolarization wave variations during the amiodarone treatment course for patients with ventricular arrhythmias and atrial fibrillation.Sixty-nine patients with ventricular arrhythmias and 9 patients with persistent atrial fibrillation were treated with intravenous injection of a 150 mg loading dose of amiodarone, followed by 1 mg/minute for 6 hours and 0.5 mg/minute for 48 hours. After the initial 24 hours of intravenous injection, amiodarone was also administered orally at a dose of 0.2 g tid for 1 week; followed by 0.2 g bid for 1 week and 0.2 g qd for maintenance. During the procedure, the heart rate, QT, QTc, QTd, QTcd TpTe, TpTe-c, TpTe-d, TpTe/QT, and QTp were measured on days 1, 3, 7, 10, 14, 17, and 20 of amiodarone treatment.The control rate of arrhythmias was 91.0% (71/78). The heart rate dropped significantly on the 7th day after treatment initiation and reached the minimal value on day 14. The QT interval was prolonged from day 3; TpTe was prolonged from day 7 to day 14; QTp was prolonged from day 1 to day 20. The longest QT interval (441.2 ± 33.9 ms) and TpTe (95.0 ± 18.0 ms) occurred on day 14. QTc, QTd, QTcd, TpTe-c, TpTe-d, and TpTe/QT showed no significant changes throughout the treatment.Amiodarone lowers the heart rate, prolongs QT and QTp intervals, and transiently prolongs TpTe. However, it has no effects on QTc, QTd, QTcd, TpTe-c, TpTe-d or TpTe/QT. Amiodarone prolongs QT interval evenly, showing no effects on repolarization dispersion. TpTe/QT is a better indicator of ventricular transmural repolarization dispersion compared with TpTe.

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