Prognostic role of platelet to lymphocyte ratio in prostate cancer: A meta-analysis

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Abstract

Background:

Recently, the prognostic value of the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been identified in multiple cancers. However, the prognostic significance of the PLR in prostate cancer (PCa) remains conflicting. We therefore searched relevant studies and conducted a meta-analysis.

Methods:

Papers from the databases of PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were retrieved. Six studies comprising 1324 patients were included.

Results:

The pooled analysis demonstrated that an elevated PLR predicted poor overall survival (OS; HR = 1.85, 95% CI = 1.51–2.25, P < .001) and disease-free survival (DFS; HR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.1–1.79, P = .007). Subgroup analyses showed that the PLR remained a significant prognostic factor for OS irrespective of ethnicity, tumor stage, or cut-off value. The PLR was an indicator of poor DFS in Asian patients, but not in Caucasian patients. No significant publication bias was detected.

Conclusion:

This meta-analysis showed that a high PLR was correlated with poor DFS and OS in patients with prostate cancer. Due to this meta-analysis being derived from a few studies, the results should be validated in clinical practice.

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