A giant hemolymphangioma of the pancreas: A case report and literature review

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Abstract

Rationale:

Hemolymphangioma of the pancreas is an extremely rare benign tumor; only 10 patients with this disease have been reported to date, the majority of whom were women.

Patient concerns:

We describe a 28-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain and discomfort. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging data showed a huge heterogeneous solid cystic mass at the retroperitoneal pancreatic head. The maximum cross-sectional lengths of the pancreatic lesion were approximately 12 × 8.5 × 12 cm3.

Diagnosis:

Hemolymphangioma of the pancreas.

Interventions:

The patient underwent a pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy; surgical excision is the main treatment for this type of tumor.

Outcomes:

The patient followed up regularly in the outpatient department for 6 months after surgery, and no sign of recurrence was found.

Lessons:

Although it is uncommon, clinicians ought to consider the diagnosis of hemolymphangioma of the pancreas upon detection of a pancreatic cystic lesion exhibiting fat or calcification.

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