Core decompression, lesion clearance and bone graft in combination with Tongluo Shenggu decoction for the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head: A retrospective cohort study

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effect of core decompression (CD), lesion clearance, and bone graft in combination with Tongluo Shenggu decoction for the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH).

A total of 75 patients (92 hips), with ONFH at Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) stages II to IIIA, were studied and divided into treatment group and control group. In control group, patients were treated with the CD in combination with autologous or artificial ceramic bone graft. In treatment group, patients were treated with the above method combined with Tongluo Shenggu decoction. Patients were followed-up at 1 month, 6 months, and 24 months after surgery. The visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, Harris Hip Score (HSS), and total effective rates were measured and recorded.

The total effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group (97.2% vs. 89.9%, P < .05). Compared with preoperative, the VAS and HSS scores were both improved at final follow-up, and there was significant difference between 2 groups (P < .01).

The combination of CD, lesion clearance, and the bone graft with Tongluo Shenggu decoction is safe and effective for the treatment of ONFH, owing to which it can provide higher postoperative functional outcomes, reduce pain, and achieve smaller osteonecrosis area and better bone changes.

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