Thoracic aggressive vertebral hemangioma with neurologic deficit: A retrospective cohort study

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness in the treatment of thoracic aggressive vertebral hemangiomas (AVHs) with neurologic deficit by multiple surgical treatments.

The clinical and radiographic data of 5 patients suffering from thoracic AVHs with neurologic deficit and treated by multiple surgical treatments, including percutaneous curved vertebroplasty (PCVP) combined with pedicle screw fixation and decompressive laminectomy, were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively.

Five patients (3 women and 2 man, with a mean age of 57.40 ± 11.93) were diagnosed with AVHs from July 2010 to April 2016. All of them had objective neurologic deficit, myelopathy, and back pain. They underwent multiple surgical treatments and were followed-up for 12 to 23 months. At final follow-up, Frankel Grade D was achieved in all 5 patients. Patients were free from pain and neurologic symptoms, and the functional status was improved. No major complication was found.

The treatment of AVHs with neurologic deficit is a challenge for surgeons. PCVP combined with pedicle screw fixation and decompressive laminectomy is safe and effective, and can be used for AVHs with neurologic deficit. Further studies with more samples are required to validate the effectiveness and safety of PCVP combined with pedicle screw fixation and decompressive laminectomy.

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