Efficacy and safety of a 260-cm Amplatz Super Stiff guidewire during transradial percutaneous coronary intervention

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Abstract

Background

Although transradial percutaneous coronary intervention (TR-PCI) is widely used in clinical practice, guidewire-related complications are an important cause of transradial approach failure. We investigated the prognostic value of the 260-cm Amplatz Super Stiff guidewire for reducing the complication rate during TR-PCI.

Methods

Five hundred patients with positive Allen's test results were divided into 3 groups according to the type of angiography guidewire: group A, 150-cm Emerald guidewire standard J-tip (n = 160); group B, 150-cm Radifocus guidewire M (n = 176); and group C, exchangeable 260-cm Amplatz Super Stiff guidewire after placement of a 150-cm Radifocus guidewire M (n = 164).

Results

Group C had the highest success rate (P = .008) and the lowest incidence of operative complications such as radial artery spasms and hematomas (P = .030 and P = .036, respectively). In addition, the groups differed significantly in terms of fluoroscopy and catheter placement times (P = .02. and P < .001, respectively); group C had the shortest times for these occurrences.

Conclusions

The exchangeable 260-cm Amplatz Super Stiff guidewire markedly decreased the incidence of guidewire-related complications, reduced fluoroscopy times, and increased the procedural success rate. Therefore, this tool can be considered a safe, effective, and feasible exchangeable guidewire for TR-PCI.

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