There is lack of long-term data on high-intensity statin therapy of Chinese acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients scheduled to undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In this retrospective study, we compared the long-term efficacy and safety of high-intensity and conventional atorvastatin therapy in reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and plaque size, and improving cardiac function of ACS patients who underwent PCI.
We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 120 consecutive ACS patients who underwent PCI at our hospital. Group I received a loading dose of atorvastatin (80 mg/day) prior to PCI, followed by a maintenance dose of 40 mg/day for 3 months post-PCI. Group II received a regular dose of atorvastatin (20 mg/day) from the date of admission until 1 year post-PCI. The composite primary efficacy end point was the mean percent change in calculated LDL-C from baseline to week 48 in both groups and percentage of patients achieving the LDL-C target of ≤1.81 mmol/L.
Group I had significantly higher mean baseline LDL-C than group II. Moreover, 8.3% of group I patients had an LDL-C ≤1.81 mmol/L versus 43.3% for group II. At week 24, 75.0% and 90.0% of group I and II patients, respectively, achieved the LDL-C target. At week 48, 85.0% and 96.7% of group I and II patients, respectively, achieved the LDL-C target. Additionally, the mean percent changes at week 4 from baseline in LDL-C were −33.6% ± 20.0% for group I versus −12.8% ± 19.6% for group II, and −47.0% ± 25.5% at week 48 for group I versus −36.4% ± 20.2% for group II. Meanwhile, significant reduction in plaque size and marked improvement in cardiac function were seen in patients receiving high-intensity atorvastatin therapy.
Compared to conventional therapy, high-intensity statin therapy is more effective in reducing LDL-C and improving cardiac function of ACS patients, with a general benign safety profile over a period of 48 weeks. Our findings support the use of high-intensity statin therapy for Chinese ACS patients to improve the proportion of patients attaining the LDL-C target and reduction in plaque size and improvement cardiac function.