Preliminary development of a questionnaire assessing the impact of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis on patient's perception of sexuality

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Abstract

Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis impact sexuality and intimate relationships in both men and women, and can be associated with sexual dysfunctions.

The aim of this study was to develop and validate a specific questionnaire assessing the impact of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis on patients’ sexuality. Two focus groups of patients, concerned by sexuality, were conducted in February 2015. Based on the verbatim transcripts, a content analysis was performed by a psychologist trained in qualitative procedures.

After analysis of the verbatim reports by the research group, a preliminary questionnaire comprising 22 questions was drawn up. The areas covered by the questions concerned: the quality of daily life, tolerance of the cutaneous state by the patient, tiredness, mobility and flexibility of the joints, outside activities involving movement of all or part of the body. In the following step the questions were then submitted to a panel of experts for selection using a Delphi method. The experts were questioned about item relevance and content. After expert consensus had been reached, the instructions to participants completing the questionnaire, the wording of items, and the possible answers were finalized.

The final questionnaire (comprising 14 questions) is entitled “Questionnaire of sexual quality of life perceived by patients with cutaneous and/or articular psoriasis” (short denomination: Qualipsosex). The quantitative step has not yet been conducted. This step will aim to evaluate the metrologic qualities (reliability, validity, and responsiveness) of the questionnaire and will need to be validated according to the consensus-based standards for the selection of health measurement instrument checklist.

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