Unprotected versus protected high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention with the Impella 2.5 in patients with multivessel disease and severely reduced left ventricular function

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Abstract

Selecting a revascularization strategy in patients with multivessel disease (MVD) and severely reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) remains a challenge. PCI with Impella 2.5 may facilitate high-risk PCI, however long-term results comparing unprotected versus protected PCI are currently unknown. We sought to evaluate the outcome of patients undergoing protected compared to unprotected percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the setting of MVD and severely reduced LVEF.

We included patients with MVD and severely reduced LVEF (≤35%) in this retrospective, single-centre study. Patients that underwent unprotected PCI before the start of a dedicated protected PCI program with Impella 2.5 were compared to patients that were treated with protected PCI after the start of the program. The primary endpoint was defined as major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) during a 1-year follow-up. The secondary endpoints consisted of in-hospital MACCE and adverse events.

A total of 61 patients (mean age 70.7 ± 10.9 years, 83.6% male) were included in our study, of which 28 (45.9%) underwent protected PCI. The primary endpoint was reached by 26.7% and did not differ between groups (P = .90). In-hospital MACCE (P = 1.00) and in-hospital adverse events (P = .12) also demonstrated no significant differences. Multivariate logistic regression identified procedural success defined as complete revascularization and absence of in-hospital major clinical complications as protective parameter for MACCE (OR 0.17, 95% CI 0.04–0.70, P = .02).

Patients with MVD and severely depressed LVEF undergoing protected PCI with Impella 2.5 demonstrate similar in-hospital and one-year outcomes compared to unprotected PCI.

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