Excellent long-term outcomes of endovascular treatment in budd–chiari syndrome with hepatic veins involvement: A STROBE-compliant article

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This study aimed to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of percutaneous transhepatic balloon angioplasty (PTBA) and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) in the treatment of Budd–Chiari syndrome (BCS) with hepatic veins involvement. Between June 2008 and August 2016, a total of 60 BCS patients with hepatic vein involvement in our department were enrolled in this study. Thirty-three cases underwent hepatic vein balloon angioplasty in PTBA Group and 27 cases underwent TIPSS. Data were retrospectively collected, and follow-up observations were performed. TIPSS Group showed significantly higher thrombotic/segmental obstruction and peripheral stenosis/obstruction compared with PTBA Group. The success rates were 93.9% and 100.0% in PTBA Group and TIPSS Group, respectively. The mean portal vein pressure decreased significantly after stenting. Except for 1 patient died from repeated hemorrhage, other sever complications had not been observed in both group. Twenty-six patients and 21 patients were clinically cured in PTBA Group and TIPSS Group, respectively. The primary patency rates were 89.7%, 79.3%, and 79.3% for short-term, mid-term and longterm in PTBA Group, which were significantly higher than TIPSS Group for long-term follow up. The second patency rates were 100.0%, 96.6% and 96.6% for short-term, mid-term and long-term in PTBA Group, which were similar to TIPSS Group (P = 1.0000). In conclusion, PTBA and TIPSS are safe and effective in the treatment of BCS with hepatic veins involvement, with an excellent long-term patency rate of hepatic vein and TIPSS shunt. TIPSS can be used to treat patients with all 3 hepatic veins lesion and failure PTBA.

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