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The aim of this study was to describe the genetic characteristics of Pakistani patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) in relation to IL28B polymorphisms and its association to interferon and ribavirin treatment response. A total of 220 patients, infected with HCV were enrolled, out of which 100 were responders and 120 were nonresponders. The whole blood samples were collected to extract viral RNA and genomic DNA. PCR following the restriction fragment length polymorphism method was used to genotype IL28B rs12979860, rs8099917, and rs12980275 polymorphisms. Liver biopsies and HCV genotyping were performed in nonresponder patients. The rs12980275 AA genotype exhibited significant correlation to treatment response and was found in 62% of the responders and 37.5% of nonresponder patients, whereas AG genotype was noticed frequently in the nonresponder group (P < 0.0001). The rs12979860 CT and rs8099917 TT genotypes were found in 74% and 66% of the responders as compared to 58.3% and 50.8% in nonresponder patients (P = 0.001 and P = 0.032) respectively. HCV 3a genotypes were detected in 50.8% of the nonresponder patients. No significant association was detected between liver biopsy findings and IL28B SNPs (P > 0.05). The results showed the significant association of rs12980275 polymorphism with treatment response in HCV patients followed by rs12979860 and rs8099917. This is the first report describing the association of rs12980275 with response to HCV treatment from Pakistan. These findings may help in predicting the outcome of pegylated interferon and ribavirin treatment in HCV patients, and may reduce the side effects and cost of treatment in predicting non-responder patients. J. Med. Virol. 87:814–820, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.