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Restoring skeletal muscle and hepatic glycogen content during short-term (<6 h) recovery from prolonged exercise is pertinent for athletes seeking to maximize performance in repeated exercise bouts. Previous research suggests that coingestion of fructose–glucose carbohydrate sources augments hepatic and has equivalent effects on skeletal muscle glycogen storage during short-term recovery from prolonged exercise compared with isocaloric glucose ingestion. The aim of the present investigation was to determine whether this has a discernible effect on subsequent exercise capacity.Eight trained endurance runners and triathletes performed two experimental trials in a single-blind, randomized, and counterbalanced crossover design. Trials involved treadmill running to exhaustion at 70% V˙O2max, a 4-h recovery with 90 g·h−1 of glucose–maltodextrin (GLU + MAL) or fructose–maltodextrin (FRU + MAL) ingestion (1:1.5 ratio), and a second bout of treadmill running to exhaustion at 70% V˙O2max.Exercise capacity in bout 2 was significantly greater with FRU + MAL (81.4 ± 22.3 vs 61.4 ± 9.6 min, P = 0.02), a large magnitude effect (effect size = 1.84 ± 1.12, 32.4% ± 19.9%). Total carbohydrate oxidation rates were not significantly different during bout 1 or 2 between trials, although total carbohydrate oxidized in bout 2 was significantly greater with FRU + MAL (223 ± 66 vs 157 ± 26 g, P = 0.02). Ingested carbohydrate oxidation rates were greater during bout 2 with FRU + MAL (P = 0.001). Plasma glucose and nonesterified fatty acid concentrations were not significantly different between trials. Plasma lactate concentrations were significantly greater during recovery before bout 2 with FRU + MAL (P = 0.001). Self-reported nausea and stomach fullness during bout 2 were marginally in favor of FRU + MAL.Short-term recovery of endurance capacity was significantly enhanced with FRU + MAL versus GLU + MAL ingestion during recovery.