Ensemble segmentation for GBM brain tumors on MR images using confidence-based averaging

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Ensemble segmentation methods combine the segmentation results of individual methods into a final one, with the goal of achieving greater robustness and accuracy. The goal of this study was to develop an ensemble segmentation framework for glioblastoma multiforme tumors on single-channel T1w postcontrast magnetic resonance images.


Three base methods were evaluated in the framework: fuzzy connectedness, GrowCut, and voxel classification using support vector machine. A confidence map averaging (CMA) method was used as the ensemble rule.


The performance is evaluated on a comprehensive dataset of 46 cases including different tumor appearances. The accuracy of the segmentation result was evaluated using theF1-measure between the semiautomated segmentation result and the ground truth.


The results showed that the CMA ensemble result statistically approximates the best segmentation result of all the base methods for each case.

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