The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the CYP1B1 Asn453Ser polymorphism and selected somatic and biochemical variables, and atherogenic indices in premenopausal and postmenopausal Slovak women.Methods:
The studied sample consisted of 334 women; 188 premenopausal (mean age 45.73 ± 3.77 y) and 146 postmenopausal women (mean age 53.51 ± 4.52 y). The participants were interviewed during their medical examination. They provided a blood sample for biochemical analysis and DNA genotyping.Results:
The frequency of rare allele Ser (CYP1B1*4) was equal to 0.125 in premenopausal and 0.168 in postmenopausal women. The observed genotype frequencies were in the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The Asn453Ser genotype showed statistically significant associations with a high-density lipoprotein (HDL-cholesterol) and apolipoprotein A1 levels in postmenopausal women. The mean values of the above mentioned variables were significantly higher in women carrying the Ser/Ser genotype. The general linear model analysis confirmed the results of the additive genetic model in postmenopausal women and demonstrated significant association of the Asn453Ser polymorphism with HDL-cholesterol levels also in premenopausal women (P = 0.041).Conclusions:
This pilot study revealed a significant association of the CYP1B1 Asn453Ser genotypes with the plasma levels of HDL-cholesterol and of apolipoprotein A1 in postmenopausal women and less unequivocal findings in premenopausal women. Because of study limitations, these results need to be examined in a larger study.