To investigate the effect of exercise training on calcium movements by isolated cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), mongrel dogs either remained sedentary (S) or were exercise-trained (E) via running for a period of 8–10 wk. The trained state was confirmed by the increase in skeletal muscle citrate synthase activity and decreases in submaximal exercise heart rates in the E group but not in the S dogs. The properties of isolated cardiac SR were identical between the groups. The variables tested included ATP-dependent calcium transport and calcium-stimulated ATPase activity. Importantly, there was no difference in spontaneous calcium release which occurred after peak ATP-dependent calcium accumulation was reached. Calcium release from passively loaded vesicles induced by calcium and ionophore also did not differ in the SR isolated from the E dogs. The change in the affinity of the SR CaATPase for calcium after the addition of the polyanion, heparin, was similar in both groups, indicating that the regulation of calcium-stimulated ATPase activity by the SR protein, phospholamban, is not modified by exercise training. We conclude that exercise training of 8–10 wk duration does not alter the calcium handling properties of cardiac SR isolated from mongrel dogs.