Overspeed HIIT in Lower-Body Positive Pressure Treadmill Improves Running Performance

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Abstract

Purpose

Optimal high-intensity interval training (HIIT) regimens for running performance are unknown, although most protocols result in some benefit to key performance factors (running economy (RE), anaerobic threshold (AT), or maximal oxygen uptake (V˙O2max)). Lower-body positive pressure (LBPP) treadmills offer the unique possibility to partially unload runners and reach supramaximal speeds. We studied the use of LBPP to test an overspeed HIIT protocol in trained runners.

Methods

Eleven trained runners (35 ± 8 yr, V˙O2max, 55.7 ± 6.4 mL·kg−1·min−1) were randomized to an LBPP (n = 6) or a regular treadmill (CON, n = 5), eight sessions over 4 wk of HIIT program. Four to five intervals were run at 100% of velocity at V˙O2max (vV˙O2max) during 60% of time to exhaustion at vV˙O2max (Tlim) with a 1:1 work:recovery ratio. Performance outcomes were 2-mile track time trial, V˙O2max, vV˙O2max, vAT, Tlim, and RE. LBPP sessions were carried out at 90% body weight.

Results

Group–time effects were present for vV˙O2max (CON, 17.5 vs. 18.3, P = 0.03; LBPP, 19.7 vs. 22.3 km·h−1; P < 0.001) and Tlim (CON, 307.0 vs. 404.4 s, P = 0.28; LBPP, 444.5 vs. 855.5, P < 0.001). Simple main effects for time were present for field performance (CON, −18; LBPP, −25 s; P = 0.002), V˙O2max (CON, 57.6 vs. 59.6; LBPP, 54.1 vs. 55.1 mL·kg−1·min−1; P = 0.04) and submaximal HR (157.7 vs. 154.3 and 151.4 vs. 148.5 bpm; P = 0.002). RE was unchanged.

Conclusions

A 4-wk HIIT protocol at 100% vV˙O2max improves field performance, vV˙O2max, V˙O2max and submaximal HR in trained runners. Improvements are similar if intervals are run on a regular treadmill or at higher speeds on a LPBB treadmill with 10% body weight reduction. LBPP could provide an alternative for taxing HIIT sessions.

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