Scaling the Oxygen Uptake Efficiency Slope for Body Size in Cystic Fibrosis

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PurposeThe aim of this study was to describe the relationship between body size and oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and healthy controls (CON), to identify appropriate scaling procedures to adjust the influence of body size upon OUES.MethodsThe OUES was derived using maximal and submaximal points from cardiopulmonary exercise testing in 72 children (36 CF and 36 CON). OUES was subsequently scaled for stature, body mass (BM), and body surface area (BSA) using ratio-standard (Y/X) and allometric (Y/Xb) methods. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were used to determine the relationship between body size and OUES.ResultsWhen scaled using the ratio-standard method, OUES had a significant positive relationship with stature (r = 0.54, P < 0.001) and BSA (r = 0.25, P = 0.031) and significant negative relationship with BM (r = −0.38, P = 0.016) in the CF group. Combined allometric exponents (b) for CF and CON were stature 3.00, BM 0.86, and BSA 1.40. A significant negative correlation was found between OUES and stature in the CF group when scaled allometrically (r = −0.37, P = 0.027). Nonsignificant (P > 0.05) correlations for the whole group were found between OUES and allometrically scaled BM (CF r = −0.25, CON, r = 0.15) and BSA (CF r = −0.27, CON r = 0.13).ConclusionsOnly allometric scaling of either BM or BSA, and not ratio-standard scaling, successfully eliminates the influence of body size upon OUES. Therefore, this enables a more direct comparison of the OUES between patients with CF and healthy controls.

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