Vascular Nitric Oxide–Superoxide Balance and Thrombus Formation after Acute Exercise

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Abstract

Introduction

An acute bout of strenuous exercise in humans results in transient impairment of nitric oxide (NO)–dependent function, but it remains unknown whether this phenomenon is associated with increased risk of thrombotic events after exercise. This study aimed to evaluate effects of a single bout of exhaustive running in mice on the balance of vascular NO/reactive oxygen species production, and on thrombogenicity.

Methods

At different time points (0, 2, and 4 h) after exercise and in sedentary C57BL/6 mice, the production of NO and superoxide (•O2−) in aorta was measured by electron paramagnetic resonance spin trapping and by dihydroethidium/high-performance liquid chromatography–based method, respectively, whereas collagen-induced thrombus formation was analyzed in a microchip-based flow-chamber system (total thrombus-formation analysis system). We also measured pre- and postexercise plasma concentration of nitrite/nitrate and 6-keto-PGF1α.

Results

An acute bout of exhaustive running in mice resulted in decreased production of NO and increased production of •O2− in aorta, with maximum changes 2 h after completion of exercise when compared with sedentary mice. However, platelet thrombus formation was not changed by exercise as evidenced by unaltered time to start of thrombus formation, capillary occlusion time, and total thrombogenicity (area under the flow pressure curve) as measured in a flow-chamber system. Strenuous exercise increased the plasma concentration of nitrite but did not affect nitrate and 6-keto-PGF1α concentrations.

Conclusion

An acute bout of strenuous exercise in mice reduced NO and in parallel increased •O2− production in aorta. This response was most pronounced 2 h after exercise. Surprisingly, the reduced NO and increased •O2− production in mice after exercise did not result in increased platelet-dependent thrombogenicity. These results show that transient reduction in NO bioavailability does not modify thromboresistance in healthy mice after exercise.

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