Lactobacillus bifermentans was used to produce the intracellular enzymes L-arabinose isomerase and D-xylose isomerase. Various factors of cultivation (temperature, pH, and incubation period) and culture medium composition (mineral salts, carbon source, and nitrogen source) were studied to select the conditions that maximize production of these enzymes. Arabinose isomerase and xylose isomerase activities were 9.4 and 7.24 U/ml, respectively. They were highest at 9 h of cultivation in the optimized medium, 1.6 times higher than that in the basic MRS broth. The optimal medium composition and cultivation conditions were determined. For optimal growth, the strain required Tween 80 (1 g/l) and a source of inorganic nitrogen (e.g., ammonium citrate). The bacterium had no requirement for sodium acetate for either growth or production of isomerases. The production rate of enzymes was increased when metal ions were added, primarily manganese (2.5 mM).