A new filamentous cyanobacterial strain BAC 9610 was isolated from the lake Baikal pelagial. Data obtained by light, scanning, and transmission electron microscopy, along with 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, allowed the bacterium identification as Trichormus variabilis, previously known as Anabaena variabilis. Trichormus is a cyanobacterial genus not presented in the list of Baikal plankton algae; A. variabilis also hasn't been previously detected in Baikal phytoplankton. T. variabilis nitrogen fixation ability was demonstrated. The gene responsible for nitrogen fixation, nifH, was identified by PCR and was partially sequenced. No hepatotoxin synthesis genes were revealed in the strain.