The Role of Thiol Redox Systems in the Response of Escherichia coli to Far-UV Irradiation

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Abstract

Escherichia coli mutants deficient in glutathione (gshA), glutaredoxin (grxA), thioredoxin (trxA), and thioredoxin reductase (trxB) synthesis were studied with respect to their resistance to far-UV (UV254) exposure. The trxA, trxB, and grxA mutants subjected to a short-term UV exposure were found to be more resistant to UV irradiation than the parent cells. Under the same conditions, the trxA and trxB mutants demonstrated a high level of induction of the sulA gene, a component of the SOS regulon. The mutagenic effect of long-term UV exposure of all the mutants with redox deficiencies was more pronounced than in the case of the parent strain, and the trxA and trxB mutants were found to be the least viable microorganisms. Pretreatment of the cells with low concentrations of the thiol-oxidizing agent diamide enhanced the sulA gene expression; however, high concentrations of diamide inhibited sulA expression. The data obtained indicate that the thiol redox systems of E. coli are involved in its response to far-UV irradiation.

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