Characteristics of Microspheres Formed in PCR with Bacterial Genomic DNA or Plasmid DNA as Templates

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Earlier, we discovered that, along with linear DNA fragments, nano- and microparticles of DNA and their aggregates are formed in the PCR with yeast genomic DNA used as a template and gene-specific or partially complementary primers. The size of the microparticles (microspheres) varied in the range of 0.5 to 3–4 μm. Only thermostable KlenTaq polymerase but not Taq polymerase could effectively generate microspheres. In this work, we demonstrate that KlenTaq polymerase can produce microspheres of variable size (1 to 7 μm in diameter) if genomic DNA of the bacterium Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and partially complementary primers are present in the PCR mixture. Conditions for generation of DNA microparticles in PCR with Taq-polymerase and bacterial genomic DNA as template were also elaborated. It was also found that mainly large microspheres of up to 7 μm accumulated in PCR with plasmid DNAs used as templates and gene-specific primers in the presence of KlenTaq polymerase or mixtures of KlenTaq and Pfu polymerases. Besides, small aggregates, as well as linear branched structures and three-dimensional conglomerates of fused microspheres, were also revealed in the PCR mixtures. UV absorption spectra of native DNA microspheres and microspheres that had undergone heating at 93°C were registered. The key role of Mg2+ cations in the formation and stabilization of the microsphere structure was established.

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