Precautions in using a perforator free flap to treat mandibuloacral dysplasia—a case report

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Mandibuloacral dysplasia (MAD) is a rare form of inherited lipodystrophy. The type B pattern is characterized by a generalized absence of subcutaneous tissues. There is also a deficiency of perivascular adiposity that makes the dissection not only of perforators and their source vessels difficult, but the recipient site vasculature as well. Perforator flaps in the MAD patient by definition will never be bulky, and instead a challenge in every respect as the perforators are extremely diminutive and therefore fragile. However, if a large, thin flap with a long pedicle of reasonable caliber is indicated, the attributes of a perforator flap may still be indicated as demonstrated in this case report for a recalcitrant heel pressure sore that had failed the usual conservative medical treatment. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery 34:311–313, 2014.

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