Turning breech upside down: upright breech birth

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Prior to the early 17th century in France, accoucheurs attended birthing women most commonly in the squatting position or on the birth stool (Speert 1957,Dunn 1991,Dunn 2004). Doctors, such as Francois Mauriceau, popularised the practice of women birthing on a bed and it was from this that differences in the physiology of birth were observed, especially with breech babies, who required additional assistance to be born. Women birthing in the supine position provided Mauriceau with the opportunity to practise his breech extraction skills.

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