Inflammation plays a key role in obesity-related pathologies such as insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Hypertrophied adipocytes trigger the enhancement of macrophage infiltration and the release of various proinflammatory factors in obese adipose tissue. In this study, we examined whether auraptene, a citrus-fruit–derived compound, could suppress the production of inflammatory factors that mediate the interaction between adipocytes and macrophages.Methods and results:
Experiments using a co-culture system of 3T3-L1 adipocytes and RAW264 macrophages showed that auraptene reduced the production of nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-α. In RAW264 macrophages, auraptene also suppressed the inflammation induced by either LPS or the conditioned medium derived from 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In addition, auraptene inhibited the phosphorylation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and suppressed the production of proinflammatory mediators in activated macrophages.Conclusion:
Our findings indicate that auraptene exhibits anti-inflammatory properties by suppressing the production of inflammatory factors that mediate the interaction between adipocytes and macrophages, suggesting that auraptene is a valuable food-derived compound with a potential to attenuate chronic inflammation in adipose tissue and to improve obesity-related insulin resistance.