Hydroxytyrosol acetate (HTy-Ac), an extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) polyphenol, has recently been reported to exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects on LPS-stimulated macrophagesand ulcerative colitis. This study was designed to evaluate dietary HTy-Ac supplementation effects on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice.Methods and results:
DBA-1/J mice were fed from weaning with 0.05% HTy-Ac. After 6 weeks, arthritis was induced by type II collagen. Mice were sacrificed 42 days after first immunization. Blood was recollected and paws were histological and biochemically processed. HTy-Ac diet significantly prevent edarthritis development and decreased serum IgG1 and IgG2a, cartilage olimeric matrix protein (COMP) and metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) levels, as well as, pro-inflammatory cytokines levels (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-17A). The activation of Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT), mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear transcription factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathways were drastically ameliorated whereas nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein expressions were significantly up-regulated in those mice fed with HTy-Ac.Conclusion:
HTy-Ac improved the oxidative events and returned pro-inflammatory proteins expression to basal levels probably through JAK/STAT, MAPKs and NF-κB pathways. HTy-Ac supplement might provide a basis for developing a new dietary strategy for the prevention of rheumatoid arthritis.