Ribosomal protein SA (rpSA), or p40, is a structural element of the small subunit of the eukaryotic ribosome. The N-terminal and central parts of rpSA are homologous to prokaryotic S2, whereas its C-terminal part is specific to eukaryotes. Preparations of 40S ribosomal subunits isolated from full-term human placenta proved to be deficient in SA to a varying extent. To study the rpSA binding to human 40S subunits, recombinant rpSA and its mutant forms with N-and C-terminal deletions were synthesized. The full-size and N-truncated rpSA variants bound to 40S subunits, while deletion of the C-terminal domain completely abolished the binding.