Human, rat, Xenopus, and Drosophila (DPx2540 and DPx6005) peroxiredoxin cDNAs were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant enzymes were compared with respect to enzymatic activity toward various substrates and protection of plasmid DNA from the Fenton reaction products. The activity toward H2O2 decreased in the following order: DPx2540 > human Prx6 > Xenopus Prx6 > rat Prx6 > DPx6005. The activity toward tret-butyl hydroperoxide decreased in the following order: DPx2540 = DPx6005 > rat Prx6 > Xenopus Prx6 > human Prx6. The efficiency of plasmid DNA protection from oxidative damage mediated by the Fenton reaction decreased in the order of DPx2540 > DPx6005 = rat Prx6 = human Prx6 > Xenopus Prx6. The optimal temperature for activity of all enzymes was 37°C. Peroxiredoxins from rat, Xenopus, and Drosophila (DPx6005) retained no less than 50% of their activity in a wider temperature range (10–50°C) as compared with the human and Drosophila (DPx2540) enzymes (25–45°C). The thermostability of the enzymes decreased in the following order: DPx6005 = rat > human > Xenopus > DPx2540. The results confirmed a negative correlation between the activity and stability of peroxiredoxin 6, especially in the case of the Xenopus and Drosophila enzymes.