Natural Killer Cell Immunoglobulin-like Receptors (KIR) Genotypes in two Arab Populations: Will KIR become a genetic landmark between nations?

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Genotypic profiles of the Natural killer cell Immunoglobulin-like Receptors (KIR) have been reported to vary among different ethnic groups and this study represents a comparative report on its distribution between two Arabic populations in the Middle East: Lebanese and Palestinians. Our compared population samples included 120 unrelated healthy Lebanese (as per Mahfouz et al.) and a Palestinian population of 105 individuals (as per Norman et al.). All had their DNA typed using Sequence Specific Primer (SSP) technique for the presence of the different KIR loci. Similar to most published data, we observed that the two framework genes 2DL4 and 3DL2 are present in 100% of individuals from both communities, while 2DL2, 2DL3, 2DS1, 2DS2, 2DS3, 2DS5, 3DL1, and 3DS1 were very similar in frequency. However, significant differences were noted in the frequencies of 2DL1 and 2DS4. This report is comparing KIR genotyping distribution in two Arab populations that sheds additional light on the importance of this gene in delineating a possible geographic genetic demarcation among different ethnicities or even different communities among the same or close ethnic groups.

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