Role of IFN-γ +874 T/A single nucleotide polymorphism in the tuberculosis outcome among Brazilians subjects

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Several genetic cytokine gene variants have been associated with host susceptibility to infectious diseases, including tuberculosis. Based upon the importance of IFN-γ in protective immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and the functional role of the IFN-γ + 874T/A single nucleotide polymorphism in IFN-γ production, we genotyped 93 Brazilian tuberculosis patients and 266 asymptomatic health care workers, including 150 individuals with a positive tuberculin skin test, and analyzed the possible association of the +874A low IFN-γ producer allele with tuberculosis occurrence. Using multivariable logistic regression models, genotype and allele frequencies of the mutant + 874A (low IFN-γ producer) allele were significantly associated with tuberculosis disease. Heterozygous carriers had a 25% increased chance, while individuals presenting the A/A homozygous genotype had an over two-fold risk of having active tuberculosis (95% CI, 1.16–5.91, P = 0.03). Despite the mixed ethnicity observed in Brazilian populations, the present data agree with observations reported in other populations and thus demonstrate that the functional +874T/A IFN-γ gene polymorphism is associated with tuberculosis in different populations.

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