Necl-2/CADM1 interacts with ErbB4 and regulates its activity in GABAergic neurons

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Abstract

The neuronal network is tightly regulated by a large variety of locally connected GABAergic neurons. Neuregulin1 (Nrg1) and its receptor ErbB4 are master regulators in the morphological and functional development of excitatory synapses in GABAergic neurons. We previously showed that the immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule, nectin-like molecule-2 (Necl-2)/CADM1, interacts with the ErbB3 and ErbB4 receptors, and that the interaction of Necl-2 with ErbB3 inhibits the Nrg1-induced ErbB3/ErbB2 signaling in epithelial cells. Here, we examined the role of the interaction of Necl-2 with ErbB4 in GABAergic neurons. Necl-2 was co-expressed with ErbB4 in parvalbumin-positive GABAergic neurons in the mouse hippocampus and co-localized with ErbB4 at excitatory synapses. Necl-2 knockdown enhanced the Nrg1-induced phosphorylation of ErbB4. Moreover, overexpression of PTPN13, which is a tyrosine phosphatase bound to the cytoplasmic tail of Necl-2, suppressed the Nrg1-induced development of excitatory synapses in GABAergic neurons through the inhibition of ErbB4 activity. These results indicate that Necl-2 interacts with ErbB4 and regulates the development of excitatory synapses via the regulation of ErbB4 activity in GABAergic neurons.

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