Use of eXIA 160 XL for Contrast Studies in Micro–Computed Tomography: Experimental Observations

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the time course of contrast enhancement of spleen, liver, and blood using eXIA 160 XL in healthy mice. eXIA 160 XL was intravenously injected in C57bl/6 mice (n =  12) at a dose of 0.1 mL/20 g (16 mg iodine [I]/20 g) (n =  6) or 0.2 mL/20 g (32 mg I/20 g) (n =  6). The distribution was analyzed by repeated micro–computed tomographic scans up to 48 hours after contrast administration. Images were analyzed usingAmidesoftware. Regions of interest were drawn in the spleen, liver, and left ventricle. Contrast enhancement was measured and expressed as a function of time. Peak contrast enhancement of the spleen was reached at 30 minutes, and peak contrast enhancement of the liver occurred 45 minutes after 16 mg I/20 g. Given that this contrast was found to be rather low in the spleen in comparison with former eXIA 160 products, experiments were done at a higher dose. However, the 32 mg I/20 g dose was lethal for mice. Enhancement inside the heart lasts for 1 hour. Administration of eXIA 160 XL results in long-lasting blood pool contrast with higher contrast enhancement in heart and liver in comparison with eXIA 160; however, the administered dose should be limited to 16 mg I/20 g.

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