We have reported that SIAH1 is down-regulated and associated with apoptosis and invasion in human breast cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms leading to SIAH1 down-regulation remain to be elucidated. Here, we demonstrated that miR-107 directly down-regulates SIAH1 expression in human breast cancer cells. Over- expression of miR-107 reduced SIAH1 expression, promoted human breast cancer cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion, and inhibited apoptosis. On the contrary, silencing of miR-107 increased SIAH1 expression and inhibited the tumor growth of MDA-MB-231 cells, a kind of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells, in vitro and in vivo. Our results reveal that miR-107 is an upstream regulator for SIAH1 down-regulation in human breast cancer cells and miR-107 provides a potential effective target for the treatment of TNBC. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.