Cloning of a CD59-like gene in rainbow trout: Expression and phylogenetic analysis of two isoforms

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CD59, the major inhibitor of the complement membrane attack complex, is an 18–20 kDa glycoprotein, linked to the membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor. It restricts binding of C9 to the C5b-8 complex, preventing the formation of the complement membrane attack complex C5b-9. In this study we report the cloning of a second CD59-like gene in the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (referred to as CD59-2 and the previously deposited trout CD59-like gene as CD59-1). Trout CD59-2 is 56% identical to CD59-1 at the amino acid level. Both of trout CD59s show the highest identity score (54%) with putative CD59-like molecules from other teleost, and the overall identity with their mammalian orthologs is less than 30%. Trout CD59s are expressed in brain, heart, intestine, kidney, liver and spleen. Particularly, CD59-2 is abundant in trout brain, while CD59-1 seems to be absent in the trout spleen. Moreover, both of trout CD59 genes seems to be present as a single copy in trout genome.

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