Searching for crab-borne antimicrobial peptides: Crustin fromPortunus pelagicustriggers biofilm inhibition and immune responses ofArtemia salinaagainst GFP taggedVibrio parahaemolyticusDahv2

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Graphical abstractHighlightsPurification of crustin (Pp-Cru) from Portunus pelagicus was characterized by HPLC, CD, XRD, and FTIR analyses.We reported an enhancement of the immune system by Pp-Cru through in vivo and in vitro analysis.Synergic antibacterial and antibiofilm properties of Pp-Cru were observed against key bacterial pathogens.Live and dead assay showed ultra-low bacterial cell viability post-treatment with Pp-Cru.In vivo study of crustin was assessed with Artemia salina as a model crustacean.Marine organisms represent a huge source of novel compounds for the development of effective antimicrobial drugs. The present study focus on the purification of the antimicrobial peptide crustin from the haemolymph of the blue swimmer crab, Portunus pelagicus, by blue Sepharose CL-6B matrix assisted affinity column chromatography. Crustin showed a single band with a molecular mass of 17 kDa in SDS-PAGE analysis. The XRD analysis exhibited peaks at 32° and 45° while a distinct peak with a retention time of 1.8 min resulted in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) pointing out the crystalline nature and purity of crustin, respectively. Crustin purified from P. pelagicus (Pp-Cru) showed immunological activities, triggering encapsulation, phagocytosis on Sepharose beads and yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) respectively. Furthermore, encapsulation of GFP tagged V. parahaemolyticus in Artemia salina and challenging study were assessed under CLSM and the potential of Pp-Cru was examined in vivo. In addition, the growth reduction and biofilm inhibition potential of Pp-Cru on Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis (Gram- positive bacteria) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli (Gram-negative bacteria) was evidenced by inverted and confocal laser scanning microscopic analysis, revealing that 100 μg/ml of Pp-Cru can disrupt the biofilm matrix thereby the thickness of biofilm was significantly reduced. Overall, the present investigation might provide a sensitive platform to realize the significant function of Pp-Cru in crustacean immune mechanism as well as its potential to bacterial growth inhibitor. The functional properties of purified Pp-Cru antimicrobial peptide may lead to a superior understanding of innate immune response in P. pelagicus species, which suggest the promising application for drug development in aquaculture.

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