rhPLD2 inhibits airway inflammation in an asthmatic murine model through induction of stable CD25+ Foxp3+ Tregs

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Our previous studies have shown that recombinant human phospholipase D2 (rhPLD2) plays a modulator role on NF-κB and PKC signaling pathways. It also inhibits IL-5-induced inflammatory response in chronic asthmatic guinea pigs. Additionally, increasing evidence also has revealed that the adoptive transfer of induced regulatory T cells (Tregs) may be a therapeutic solution to airway allergic diseases. To investigate the epigenetic, transcriptomic and phenotypic variability of Treg population in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway inflammation model derived from the induction of rhPLD2, OVA-induced asthmatic murine model is used in this study. The lung inflammation, eosinophil infiltration, the differentiation and proliferation of T helper cells and the amplification of Tregs were examined in this mouse model with and without rhPLD2 induction. Our data showed that rhPLD2 administration in asthmatic mice significantly increases CD4+CD25+ Foxp3+ Treg cell numbers and alleviates lung inflammation. The addition of rhPLD2 in vitro enhanced the demethylation of Treg-specificdemethylated region (TSDR) in iTregs, suggesting that rhPLD2 protein may be involved in improving the quality and quantity of Treg cells that eventually significantly reduces lung inflammation in asthmatic murine model. These results suggest that rhPLD2 could have a clinical impact treating patients with allergic airway inflammation via promoting and stabilizing iTreg differentiation and function.

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