The effect of extracellular adenine and the role of the transcriptional activator Bas1p on expression of the yeast genome was assessed by two-dimensional (2D) analysis of the yeast proteome. These data combined with LacZ fusions and northern blot analysis allow us to show that synthesis of enzymes for all 10 steps involved in purine de novo synthesis is repressed in the presence of adenine and requires BAS1 and BAS2 for optimal expression. We also show that expression of ADE12 and ADE13, the two genes required for synthesis of AMP from inosine 5′ monophosphate (IMP), is co-regulated with the de novo pathway genes. The same combined approach, used to study histidine biosynthesis gene expression, showed that HIS1 and HIS4 expression is co-regulated with purine biosynthesis genes whereas HIS2, HIS3, HIS5 and HIS6 expression is not. This work, together with previously published data, gives the first comprehensive overview of the regulation of purine and histidine pathways in a eukaryotic organism. Finally, the expression of two pyrimidine biosynthesis genes URA1 and URA3 was found to be severely affected by bas1 and bas2 mutations in the absence of adenine, establishing a regulatory link between the two nucleotide biosynthesis pathways.