A receptor-binding protein ofCampylobacter jejunibacteriophage NCTC 12673 recognizes flagellin glycosylated with acetamidino-modified pseudaminic acid

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Abstract

Bacteriophage receptor-binding proteins (RBPs) confer host specificity. We previously identified a putative RBP (Gp047) from the campylobacter lytic phage NCTC 12673 and demonstrated that Gp047 has a broader host range than its parent phage. While NCTC 12673 recognizes the capsular polysaccharide (CPS) of a limited number ofCampylobacter jejuniisolates, Gp047 binds to a majority ofC. jejuniand relatedCampylobacter colistrains. In this study, we demonstrate that Gp047 also binds to acapsular mutants, suggesting that unlike the parent phage, CPS is not the receptor for Gp047. Affinity chromatography and far-western analyses ofC. jejunilysates using Gp047 followed by mass spectrometry indicated that Gp047 binds to the major flagellin protein, FlaA. BecauseC. jejuniflagellin is extensively glycosylated, we investigated this binding specificity further and demonstrate that Gp047 only recognizes flagellin decorated with acetamidino-modified pseudaminic acid. This binding activity is localized to the C-terminal quarter of the protein and both wild-type and coccoid forms ofC. jejuniare recognized. In addition, Gp047 treatment agglutinates vegetative cells and reduces their motility. Because Gp047 is highly conserved among all campylobacter phages sequenced to date, it is likely that this protein plays an important role in the phage life cycle.

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