The ultra-wide bandwidth outdoor channel: From measurement campaign to statistical modelling

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This paper proposes an investigation of the propagation behaviour for Ultra-Wide Bandwidth (UWB) signals in outdoor environments. Specifically, we first report on the results of an extensive measurement campaign carried out in three selected scenarios, namely “forest”, “hilly” and “sub-urban” environments. Then, we present the statistical model derived through the post-processing of collected samples by the CLEAN algorithm. While an extensive collection of results is provided in the paper, the main achievements can be summarized as follows: (i) the path-loss exponent varies from 2 to 3.5 and depends on the reference scenario and on the height of transmission and reception equipments with respect to the ground floor, (ii) the local mean of the received power experiences a Log-Normal shadowing with a standard deviation that may depend on the azimuth position, (iii) the statistics of the first received echo in the small-scale analysis also well fit a Log-Normal distribution; (iv) the delay spread in the small-scale multipath scenario turns out to be quite small (i.e. roughly 10 ns in the forest scenario and less than 32 ns in the sub-urban scenario).

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