Minimally Invasive Vein Surgery: Latest Options for Vein Disease


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Abstract

The goal of treatment for venous disease is to decrease ambulatory venous hypertension. Various strategies are employed. These can be divided into exogenous and endogenous treatments. Exogenous methods concern those employed from the outside of the limb, such as compression and elevation. Endogenous modalities treat from inside the limb the underlying venous pathology due to venous valvular dysfunction or venous obstruction. Traditional endogenous procedures include stripping, ligation, and phlebectomy. All these procedures require incisions, anesthesia, and perhaps hospitalization, and involve significant discomfort. Newer minimally invasive vein surgery procedures now exist. These are all same-day, outpatient procedures, usually involving local anesthesia. Most can be performed percutaneously without incisions. Patients ambulate the day of the procedure. Morbidity is less than 1%. This article summarizes the concept of minimally invasive vein surgery and summarizes new technologies to manage all forms of venous disease.

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