Quantitation with QUEST of brain HRMAS-NMR signals: Application to metabolic disorders in experimental epileptic seizures

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Quantitation of High Resolution Magic Angle Spinning (HRMAS) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) signals enables establishing reference metabolite profiles ofex vivotissues. Signals are often contaminated by a background signal originating mainly from macromolecules and lipids and by residual water which hampers proper quantitation. We show that automatic quantitation of HRMAS signals, even in the presence of a background, can be achieved by thesemi-parametricalgorithm QUEST based on prior knowledge of a metabolite basis-set. The latter was quantum-mechanically simulated with NMR-SCOPE and requires accurate spin parameters. The region of interest of spectra is a small part of the full spectral bandwidth. Reducing the computation time inherent to the large number of data-points is possible by using ER-Filter in a preprocessing step. Through Monte-Carlo studies, we analyze the performances of quantitation without and with ER-Filtering.

Applications of QUEST to quantitation of 1Hex vivoHRMAS-NMR data of mouse brains after intoxication with soman, are demonstrated. Metabolic profiles obtained during status epilepticus and later when neuronal lesions are installed, are established. Acetate, Alanine, Choline and γ-amino-butyric acid concentrations increase in the piriform cortex during the initial status epilepticus, when seizures are maximum; Lactate and Glutamine concentrations increase while myo-Inositol and N-acetylaspartate concentrations decrease when neuronal lesions are clearly installed.

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