This work introduces a technique to excite MR signals locally and to steer this localized region over the object in a spatiotemporal manner. The purpose is to demonstrate the feasibility of MRI with multidimensional spatiotemporal-encoding in a way that provides the ability to compensate extreme field inhomogeneity.Methods:
The method is called steering resonance over the object (STEREO). A modulated gradient is applied in concert with a frequency-modulated pulse to steer a resonant region through space and thus produce sequential excitation and echo formation. Images are reconstructed using exclusively an inverse problem solution.Results:
Images of phantoms and human brain were produced to demonstrate the feasibility of the STEREO sequence and image reconstruction. Simulations support the postulated capability to compensate for extreme field inhomogeneity.Conclusion:
STEREO represents a substantial departure from conventional MRI in which spins contained in the sample, slab, or slice are excited synchronously. By exciting spins sequentially along a curved spatial trajectory, STEREO in principle affords a unique opportunity to adjust for spatial variations in static and radiofrequency fields. By adjusting field amplitudes and frequencies in a temporal manner in STEREO, in future works it should be possible to perform MRI with highly inhomogeneous fields. Magn Reson Med 72:49–58, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.