A SEmi-Adiabatic matched-phase spin echo (SEAMS) PINS pulse-pair for B1-insensitive simultaneous multislice imaging

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Abstract

Purpose:

Simultaneous multislice (SMS) imaging is a powerful technique that can reduce image acquisition time for anatomical, functional, and diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging. At higher magnetic fields, such as 7 Tesla, increased radiofrequency (RF) field inhomogeneity, power deposition, and changes in relaxation parameters make SMS spin echo imaging challenging. We designed an adiabatic 180° Power Independent of Number of Slices (PINS) pulse and a matched-phase 90° PINS pulse to generate a SEmi-Adiabatic Matched-phase Spin echo (SEAMS) PINS sequence to address these issues.

Methods:

We used the adiabatic Shinnar Le-Roux (SLR) algorithm to generate a 180° pulse. The SLR polynomials for the 180° pulse were then used to create a matched-phase 90° pulse. The pulses were sub-sampled to produce a SEAMS PINS pulse-pair and the performance of this pulse-pair was validated in phantoms and in vivo.

Results:

Simulations as well as phantom and in vivo results, demonstrate multislice capability and improved B1-insensitivity of the SEAMS PINS pulse-pair when operating at RF amplitudes of up to 40% above adiabatic threshold.

Conclusion:

The SEAMS PINS approach presented here achieves multislice spin echo profiles with improved B1-insensitivity when compared with a conventional spin echo. Magn Reson Med 75:709–717, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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