Compare the transmural distribution of forward creatine kinase reaction (kf,CK) and ATP hydrolysis rate (kr,ATPase) in the myocardium of normal porcine heart. Rate constants were extracted from partially relaxed spectra by applying the Symbol method, effectively reducing data acquisition time by up to an order of magnitude.Theory and Methods:
Symbol method for double saturation of PCr and Pi is introduced and validated through simulations. Bioenergetics was measured in vivo utilizing one-dimensional chemical shift imaging (1D-CSI) magnetic resonance 31P spectroscopy.Results:
At basal conditions, there was no significant difference between subepicardial layers (EPI) vs. the subendocardial layers (ENDO) for both fluxf,CK and fluxr,ATPase. At high cardiac workload (HWL), where the rate pressure product increased 2.6-fold, PCr/ATP ratio and fluxf,CK showed no significant change in both EPI and ENDO layers, while fluxr,ATPase increased significantly (baseline: 1.11 ± 0.12 and 1.12 ± 0.13 μmol/g/s, EPI and ENDO, respectively; to HWL: 2.35 ± 0.27 and 2.21 ± 0.08 μmol/g/s, EPI and ENDO, respectively, each P < 0.01 vs. baseline).Conclusion:
In the normal heart, increase of cardiac work state is accompanied by an increase in ATP hydrolysis rate with no changes in CK flux rate. There are no significant differences between EPI vs. ENDO concerning the ATP hydrolysis rate or CK flux rate in both baseline and high cardiac work states. Magn Reson Med 75:1859–1866, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.