To improve the image quality of skipped phase encoding and edge deghosting (SPEED) by exploiting several sparsifying transforms.Methods:
The SPEED technique uses a skipped phase encoding (PE) step to accelerate MRI scan. Previously, a difference transform (DT) along PE direction is used to obtain sparse ghosted-edge maps, which were modeled by a double layer ghost model and was then deghosted by a least square error solution. In this work, it is hypothesized that enhanced sparsity, and thus improved image quality may be achievable with other sparsifying transforms, including discrete wavelet transform (DWT), discrete cosine transform (DCT), DWT combined with DT, and DCT combined with DT.Results:
For images of human subjects, SPEED with DWT or DCT can yield higher image quality than DT only, especially for those images with low contrast. Reconstruction error can be further reduced if DWT or DCT are combined with DT.Conclusion:
Image sparsity can be enhanced with more advanced transforms, leading to higher reconstruction quality in SPEED imaging that is desirable for practical MRI applications. Magn Reson Med 75:2031–2040, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.