To improve the accuracy and precision of tracer kinetic model parameter estimates for use in dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI studies of solid tumors.Theory:
Quantitative DCE-MRI requires an estimate of precontrast T1, which is obtained prior to fitting a tracer kinetic model. As T1 mapping and tracer kinetic signal models are both a function of precontrast T1 it was hypothesized that its joint estimation would improve the accuracy and precision of both precontrast T1 and tracer kinetic model parameters.Methods:
Accuracy and/or precision of two-compartment exchange model (2CXM) parameters were evaluated for standard and joint fitting methods in well-controlled synthetic data and for 36 bladder cancer patients. Methods were compared under a number of experimental conditions.Results:
In synthetic data, joint estimation led to statistically significant improvements in the accuracy of estimated parameters in 30 of 42 conditions (improvements between 1.8% and 49%). Reduced accuracy was observed in 7 of the remaining 12 conditions. Significant improvements in precision were observed in 35 of 42 conditions (between 4.7% and 50%). In clinical data, significant improvements in precision were observed in 18 of 21 conditions (between 4.6% and 38%).Conclusion:
Accuracy and precision of DCE-MRI parameter estimates are improved when signal models are fit jointly rather than sequentially. Magn Reson Med 76:1270–1281, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.