COMPARISON BETWEEN THE EFFECTS OF 4 DIFFERENT ELECTRICAL STIMULATION CURRENT WAVEFORMS ON ISOMETRIC KNEE EXTENSION TORQUE AND PERCEIVED DISCOMFORT IN HEALTHY WOMEN

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Introduction:

We studied the effects of different neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) currents, 2 kHz-frequency alternating currents (KACs, Russian and Aussie) and 2 pulsed currents (PCs), on isometric knee extension torque and discomfort level, both in isolation and combined, with maximum voluntary contraction (MVC). Methods: Twenty-one women (age 21.6 ± 2.5 years) were studied. We evaluated torque evoked by NMES or NMES combined with maximum voluntary contraction of the quadriceps muscle of healthy women. Discomfort level was measured using a visual analog pain scale. Results: Despite comparable levels of discomfort, evoked torque was lower for Russian current compared with the other modalities (Russian 50.8%, Aussie 71.7%, PC500 76.9%, and PC200 70.1%; P < 0.001). There was no advantage in combining NMES with MVC compared with isolated NMES. Conclusions: The Aussie and PC approaches proved superior to Russian current for inducing isometric knee extension torque. This information is important in guiding decision making with regard to NMES protocols for muscle strengthening. Muscle Nerve51: 76–82, 2015

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles